A vanilla swiss roll recipe that is foolproof and perfect! This is the BEST swiss roll cake you’ll ever make, guaranteed! A deliciously soft, moist, and light vanilla cake roll (aka genoise roulade).
Learn how to make the BEST vanilla swiss roll!
I developed this recipe for vanilla swiss roll cake because I was never happy with store-bought ones, or the countless other online recipes I’ve tried in the past.
So here it is. The best damn swiss roll cake recipe you’ll ever try! 🙂
Ingredients needed to make this vanilla swiss roll cake
The ingredients as well as the techniques for making swiss roll are important for consistent success. It’s best to understand the purpose of all the ingredients and techniques so that you get foolproof results.
This swiss roll recipe uses a combination of whole eggs and yolks. Each egg weighs approximately 2 oz (with the shell).
The eggs can be cold or at room temperature. That’s because you’ll be warming up the eggs prior to whisking them anyway. So you can use eggs straight from the the fridge if you prefer.
Will I be separating the egg whites?
Unlike other swiss roll recipes online, you will NOT be separating egg whites and egg yolks here. So you’re not going to have two steps of whisking parts of the egg in this recipe. Whole eggs will be whisked until foamy and this will provide volume to the cake. Do not skip the step of heating the eggs, since this will help add volume to the whole eggs that are being whisked, AND it will also keep the egg foam more stable.
White sugar is the best option for a classic vanilla swiss roll. You can use granulated white sugar or caster sugar. Since the sugar will be dissolved with the eggs, you can use either one without an issue.
Can I use brown sugar instead of white sugar?
Absolutely. You can substitute brown sugar 1:1 in the recipe. The taste will be more molassey and the cake will have a light brown color as well.
I haven’t tried this recipe with artificial sugar, so I’m not sure how well the recipe will turn out in that case. But if you do try it, let me know!
I use AP flour in this recipe. However, I also combine it with some cornstarch to keep the swiss roll batter light. I experimented with different amounts of flour and different types of flour, until I settled with the recipe that I’m sharing here.
It yields the best result of a soft, springy cake, but with good structure that can withstand the rolling and unravelling of the cake.
Cornstarch is also known as cornflour in some countries. Not to be confused with corn flour (two words), which is finely ground maize.
Cornstarch adds structure to the vanilla swiss roll, without weighing down the batter. It’s perfect to keep the batter light for a soft cake.
I also add a little bit of baking powder to the batter along with the flour. This is not a traditional addition to genoise sponge cake. But I add this because it ensures foolproof results in my experience.
Even if the batter deflates slightly, the baking powder will make sure that the cake still rises during the baking process.
Clarified butter or brown butter
We only add a small amount of clarified butter to this vanilla swiss roll cake. The addition of fat adds moisture. I like to use brown butter to maximize the flavor as well.
The good news is that if you have no butter, or want to keep the swiss roll recipe dairy free, you can also add olive oil or a neutral oil (such as vegetable oil or canola oil). You can also add melted vegan butter.
What is clarified butter?
Clarified butter is just the fat from butter. The butter is heated to separate the butterfat from the milk solids.
As the butter is heated, it foams up and subsides and the milk solids settle to the bottom of the pan. When this happens, the clarified butter can be poured into a bowl, leaving behind the milk solids.
If you continue to keep cooking the butter, the milk solids will caramelize and you will end up with brown butter. The butterfat from browned butter will have a nuttier taste, and can be used instead of the clarified butter.
I use a good quality vanilla extract, so that the cake roll has a sweet vanilla flavor. I avoid using vanilla essence, which is also known as imitation vanilla. This can add a bitterness to the cake if you use too much.
So if you only have vanilla essence, use half the amount stated in the recipe to avoid a bitter aftertaste.
Step by step recipe for vanilla swiss roll
This swiss roll recipe involves the sponge cake method, specifically the whole egg sponge cake or genoise sponge cake. This technique might seem daunting at first, but I promise it’s not. I was making over 4 swiss rolls per day when I was perfecting this recipe – that’s how easy it is. Just follow my tips and tricks to simplify the method, and to make it foolproof.
Prep the baking tray.
For this recipe, I’m using a 10 x 15 inch swiss roll pan (or jelly roll pan).
Use the pan to cut a piece of parchment paper to fit inside the baking pan. You can keep an overhang of parchment paper along the short edge of the baking pan. This will make it easy to roll up the cake once the cake is baked, as explained below.
Alternatively, you can just line the bottom of the cake pan as well, but I highly recommend leaving the overhang along the short edges (you will see why shortly).
Prep the baking tray by applying a very light layer of butter all over the tray.
Stick the parchment paper on the baking tray, making sure there are no wrinkles. Flour the sides that are not covered by the parchment paper to prevent the cake from sticking to the pan.
Get all the ingredients ready.
The key to making this vanilla swiss roll easy is to have everything ready before you start.
- First make the clarified butter and weigh it out into a bowl. Add the vanilla and set aside.
- Add some water to a saucepan (a few inches) and bring it to a simmer.
- Next, weigh the flour and cornstarch, and sift them with the baking powder into a small bowl.
- Into a mixing bowl, add the eggs and the egg yolk. Weigh the sugar into the bowl with the eggs and add a pinch of salt as well. Whisk this mixture to break up the eggs and to mix the sugar.
- Preheat the oven to 350 F / 180 C.
Step by step method to making the batter
- Heat the eggs for just a few minutes.
- Make the egg foam.
- Carefully fold the dry ingredients into the egg foam.
- Mix in the butter and vanilla.
Heating the egg and sugar mixture
To make the vanilla swiss roll, it’s important to warm the eggs first. Warm eggs incorporate more air and create more foam. Plus, I’ve found that it makes a more stable foam that doesn’t deflate as easily.
Place the mixing bowl over the simmering pot of water and whisk the egg mixture for about 3 – 4 minutes until the eggs are warm to the touch (110 – 120 F / 43 – 48 C).
Whisk the egg mixture
When the eggs are warm, they’re ready to whipped. Place the bowl in your stand mixer with the whisk attachment. Whisk on high speed for 5 – 6 minutes until the egg mixture has tripled in size and is stable.
You know that the egg mixture is ready when you create a “ribbon” on the surface with the egg mixture and the ribbon doesn’t disappear into the egg mixture. This step is crucial for the swiss roll recipe, because the foam creates the texture for the cake.
If you use a hand mixer, the whisking time can increase depending on the speed and the way you whisk the eggs.
Fold in the dry ingredients
It’s important to sift the dry ingredients before adding them to break up any lumps and to keep it light.
I also like to use a sieve to sift the dry ingredients evenly over the surface of the egg foam. You want to avoid sifting all the flour onto one spot, which will be too heavy for the foam, and it will then sink to the bottom.
Using the largest flat spatula you have, gently fold in the dry ingredients into the egg foam. Make sure to rotate the bowl with every fold, and scrape the the bottom of the bowl to avoid any dry spots in the bowl. Dry flour pockets will form lumps in the baked vanilla swiss roll cake.
It’s also very important to not deflate the batter. So, I never exceed 15 folds.
Fold in the butter mixture
Just before mixing in the butter vanilla mix, you need to warm it up. You can either microwave the mixture for a few seconds OR keep the bowl in warm water.
With your spatula, transfer approximately 1 cup of the batter into the butter mixture. Just eyeball a cup, no need to be precise.
Stir the butter and the batter well until the butter has emulsified into the batter mixture. There should be no oily / buttery streaks.
Gently pour this batter butter mixture over the remaining vanilla swiss roll cake batter. Make sure to pour it over the surface as evenly as possible so that it doesn’t all collect at one spot and sink to the bottom. I like to use my spatula to break the flow while pouring it into the cake batter.
Fold in the butter mixture using a spatula in the same way you folded in the flour. This shouldn’t take more than 8 folds (preferably less). The butter will deflate the batter, so be gentle to prevent this.
The batter is now ready.
Baking the vanilla swiss roll sponge
Pour the batter into the prepared swiss roll cake pan. Again, make sure to pour it evenly into the cake pan.
Using an offset spatula, spread the batter evenly to the corners and edges of the pan.
Knock the baking tray on the countertop about 3 times to remove any large air bubbles. But don’t knock it too hard or too much, which would deflate the batter.
Shake the tray a little to make sure the batter is distributed evenly.
Bake the cake in the preheated oven for about 10 – 15 minutes, until a toothpick inserted into the middle comes out clean. The surface of the cake should also feel a little springy to the touch.
Remove the cake from the oven and let it cool just for a minute or two.
Rolling up the vanilla sponge cake roll
The bottom of the cake is the presentation side in the final swiss roll. So it’s important that the presentation side is at the bottom while rolling up the cake. The top of the cake will be there the filling is placed, so it should be facing up while rolling.
Since the cake is really soft, you have to be very careful when lifting it out of the cake pan. I like to use a thin cutting board and slip it under the parchment paper and then lift the swiss roll cake out with it.
Sift a thin layer of confectioner’s sugar over the surface of the cake.
Fold about 1 inch of the parchment paper over one short edge of the cake, and start rolling it up (starting from that short edge) to form the vanilla swiss roll shape, using the parchment paper underneath. Don’t put too much pressure and squish the cake, but make sure it’s not a loose spiral either.
Once the cake is rolled up (with the parchment paper), roll it up in another parchment paper or kitchen towel, so that it keeps its shape while cooling down. Make sure to store it with the seam side down.
Allow the rolled up swiss roll sponge to cool down in this shape. It makes the cake more pliable.
OPTIONAL STEP – to make the rolling easier and neater.
You will need to make two shallow cuts (2 mm deep) close to one of the short ends of the cake, parallel to the edge. The first cut is 1 inch from the end, and the second cut is another 1 inch from the first cut. Make two shallow cuts parallel to the short edge. The cuts should not be more than 2 mm deep. This is the end you’ll be starting to roll up the cake from, and this technique will prevent the cake from squishing too much during the roll up (please see pictures in the post).
Next, on the opposite short end, make a diagonal cut at the edge, starting 1 inch away from the edge (please see the picture below). This diagonal cut will ensure a smooth seal for the rolled up cake.
Frosting and decorating the swiss roll
You can choose any filling you like for the vanilla swiss roll. Whipped cream is an easy option. However, vanilla buttercream, chocolate buttercream, vanilla swiss meringue buttercream, or chocolate swiss meringue buttercream are all richer, sweeter alternatives that are especially great for special occasions.
You can make the filling any flavor you like as well. From chocolate to strawberry, and anything else you fancy.
We personally prefer chantilly cream (stabilized sweetened whipped cream). The light whipped cream perfectly complements this sponge cake roll.
Once the cake is cooled, carefully unravel the cake. Spread a layer of frosting all over the surface of the cake, leaving a 1 inch border at the seam edge (the end where you made the diagonal cut). The frosting should be about 1 cm (1/2 inch) thick.
Next, loosen the parchment paper from the bottom of the cake as you start rolling it up again. The cake should be firmly rolled up, but not too tightly that you squeeze out the frosting / filling.
Once the cake is rolled up, wrap the parchment paper or cloth napkin around the cake so that the vanilla swiss roll cake will hold its shape firmly. Let it chill for about an hour while wrapped, so that it’ll be easier to trim the edges of the cake roll later.
Then trim the edges to make the ends neat. Now the cake is ready to be served!
To decorate the cake
- Dust the surface with confectioner’s sugar,
- Pipe some whipped cream on top and decorate with fresh fruits,
- Spread or pipe some buttercream on top,
- Drizzle chocolate ganache or salted caramel on top.
Storing the cake roll
This vanilla swiss roll can be stored in an air tight container and then in the fridge for up to 5 days. But it’s best if eaten within a few days. If it has fruits, then it’ll keep for less time since the fruits can go bad.
An unfilled cake can be wrapped well with plastic wrap, and then foil, and stored in an air tight container in the freezer for up to 2 months. Allow the cake to thaw to room temperature before unrolling and filling.
Other variations of vanilla swiss roll
Jelly roll – Spread strawberry jam on the cake and roll it up for a jelly roll cake.
Strawberry and cream roll cake – Spread jam and cream on the cake and roll it up for a strawberry cream swiss roll.
Vanilla swiss roll with chocolate – Add some cocoa powder to the whipped cream for a chocolate whipped cream filling.
Why this recipe is perfect
- The cake roll is so soft. The sponge cake is incredibly soft, light, and airy. Not heavy or gummy at all.
- Perfectly sweet. This swiss roll has just the right amount of sweetness, with a nice vanilla flavor. As a result, the cake isn’t too sticky either.
- Foolproof recipe. There are a few extra steps in this recipe compared to others, but they all contribute towards making this recipe absolutely foolproof.
- Step by step simplified recipe. I’ve explained every step in detail and shared how to make the process easy for you. So make sure to read the recipe and the tips first so that you understand the recipe method.
- No need to separate the eggs for perfect results. This recipe uses whole eggs to create foam to make the sponge cake. Also known as genoise sponge. So there’s no need to separate the egg yolks and whites like with other recipes.
It’s very likely that the batter deflated while you were folding the ingredients. Be careful when folding in the flour and butter to not deflate the batter.
The fluffiness of the cake depends on how much air there is in the batter. This is why it’s important to be careful when you fold in ingredients, since this can deflate the batter if done for too long or too fast.
It may take a little practice to recognize how to efficiently fold in the ingredients without deflating the batter.
This is made with a whole egg sponge, also known as genoise sponge. So there’s less of a hassle than having to whisk egg whites separately. The additional egg yolk in the recipe also adds richness to the final swiss roll cake.
You could. But it would be hard to scale this recipe to fit a 9 x 13 pan (quarter sheet pan). My recommendation is to make the whole recipe, and then ONLY add 75 – 80% of the batter into the pan. If you add all of the batter, the cake might be too thick.
Alternatively, you can make 1.5x the amount of batter, and bake it in TWO 9 x 13 pans or ONE 13 x 9 pan (half sheet pan). Reduce the oven temperature to 300 – 325 F if you’re baking in a half sheet pan.
Yes! To do this, dust the surface of the cake with confectioner’s sugar, or place a parchment paper / cloth napkin on the surface of the cake while it’s in the baking pan. Also place a cutting board on top of the cake. Then flip the cake over onto the cutting board.
Then, carefully peel off the parchment paper and place a new piece of parchment paper or cloth napkin on top (dust the cake with confectioner’s sugar if you’re using a cloth napkin). Using another cutting board that is placed on top of the new parchment paper or cloth napkin, flip the cake back over.
Now remove the cutting board and parchment paper on top.
Dust the surface again if you like, and start rolling up the cake for the swiss roll.
This cake is so damn fiiiine! It’s so light and soft, with the perfect amount of sweetness and a delicious vanilla flavor. Whenever I make this cake, it’s always gone within a couple of days because it’s an absolute favorite for everyone. It’s delicious with fresh fruits, or just on its own. I guarantee you wouldn’t want another vanilla swiss roll recipe once you’ve tried this!
Vanilla Swiss Roll Recipe
Vanilla swiss roll
- 4 large eggs
- 1 egg yolk from a large egg
- 120 g white sugar ½ cup + 1 ½ tbsp
- ¼ tsp sea salt generous ¼ tsp
- 50 g AP flour about 6 tbsp
- 30 g cornstarch 3 tbsp
- ½ tsp baking powder
- 45 g warm clarified butter 3 tbsp, substitute with same amount of warm olive oil, vegetable oil, or vegan butter
- 2 tsp vanilla
- Extra confectioner's sugar for dusting and decorating
Stabilized chantilly cream (whipped cream)
- ¾ tsp gelatin powder
- 1 tbsp water
- 1 tbsp chilled whipping cream
- 240 ml chilled whipping cream 35% fat, 1 cup
- 30 g confectioner's sugar
- 2 tsp vanilla extract
Vanilla swiss roll
- Lightly grease a 10 x 15 inch jelly roll pan. Line the pan with parchment paper, with an overhang along the short edges of the pan (to make it easy to remove the cake from the pan). Dust the exposed edges with flour. Set aside.
- Preheat oven to 350°F / 180°C.
- To make clarified butter – Cook about 60 g of butter until the milk solids separate. Measure out 45 g of the butterfat into a bowl (about 2 cup capacity).
- Add the vanilla extract to the clarified butter, and set aside.
- Sift the flour, cornstarch, and baking powder into a separate small bowl.
- Add a few inches of water into a medium saucepan, and bring it to a simmer on your stove.
- Place the eggs and yolk in a metal mixing bowl that can fit over the saucepan. Add the sugar and salt, and whisk to combine.
- Place the mixing bowl over the simmering water (without touching the water) and whisk continuously for about 2 – 4 minutes until the egg mixture is warm to the touch or until the eggs reach a temperature of about 110 – 120°F.
- Remove the egg mixture from the heat. And remove the saucepan from the heat.
- Place the mixing bowl in your stand mixer with the whisk attachment. Whisk on high speed for about 5 – 6 minutes. The eggs should at least triple in size.
- To check if the egg mixture is at the right consistency, take some of the egg mixture with your whisk attachment and create some ribbons on the surface. The ribbons should remain on the surface and not immediately disappear.
- Sift the dry ingredients evenly over the surface of the egg mixture. Make sure it's sifted evenly, so that the flour doesn't collect at one spot and sink to the bottom.
- Using a wide spatula (or the largest spatula you own), fold the flour into the egg mixture. Rotate the bowl after every fold to make sure all the flour is well incorporated, and there are no dry spots in the batter or the bottom of the bowl. Be careful not to deflate the mixture by overmixing – this should not take more than 15 – 20 folds (see recipe notes).
- Now it's time to mix in the butter vanilla mixture, which should be warm before being mixed in. If it’s not, microwave for a few seconds to warm it up.
- Add roughly 1 cup of the cake batter (using your spatula) to the butter vanilla mix. Mix well to incorporate the butter and cake batter until emulsified.
- Gently pour the butter batter mix evenly over the surface of the rest of the cake batter in the mixing bowl. I use the flat side of my spatula to break the flow of the butter mixture as I do this, so that it doesn’t sink to the bottom of the bowl.
- Fold the butter mixture into the rest of the cake batter. Do this gently with as fewer folds as possible so as not to deflate the cake batter. No more than 8 folds.
- Pour all the cake batter into the prepared cake tray. Using an offset spatula, spread the batter into the corners of the tray and make sure it's distributed as evenly as possible.
- Knock the tray on a firm surface (kitchen counter) about 3 – 4 times to get rid of any large air bubbles trapped in the batter. Give the tray a little shake to evenly distribute the batter again.
- Bake the cake in your preheated oven for about 10 – 15 minutes (13 minutes in my conventional oven), rotating halfway through the baking process if needed.
- The cake is done when the surface is springy to the touch, or when a toothpick inserted into the middle comes out clean.
- Remove the cake from the oven. Let it cool for about 1 minute.
Rolling up the swiss roll cake
- The bottom side of the cake will be the presentation side for the swiss roll (see pictures in the post for reference). You can use the parchment paper you baked the cake in to roll up the swiss roll for convenience. If you prefer to use a new parchment paper, you can do that too. See recipe notes for directions.
- Run a sharp knife along the edges of the cake in the cake pan to loosen it from the pan. Gently lift the cake from the baking tray and place it on your work surface (slip a cake lifter or flexible cutting board underneath for support if needed).
- Sift confectioner's sugar over the surface of the cake.
- OPTIONAL STEP ONE – Along one of the short ends of the cake, make a diagonal cut as shown in the pictures in the post. This helps create a neat seal when the cake is rolled up, as described below.
- OPTIONAL STEP TWO – On the opposite short end of the cake, make two shallow cuts (2 mm deep), parallel to the short edge. The first cut is 1 inch from the edge, and the second is 1 inch from the first cut. DO NOT cut all the way through! See pictures in the post for reference. This step helps maintain an even thickness as the cake is rolled up.
- Fold about 1 inch of parchment paper overhang over the short edge with the shallow cuts, and start rolling up the cake into a spiral. Make sure the spiral is tight, but not too tight that it crushes the cake. Keep rolling until the cake is completely wrapped in parchment paper.
- Use another parchment paper or cloth napkin to wrap the swiss roll further to help keep its shape. This will prevent unravelling. Make sure the cake is stored with the seam side down. Let it cool completely to room temperature.
Filling the cake
- Once the cake is cooled, gently unravel the cake.
- Spread a thin layer of stabilized chantilly cream, about ½ – 1 cm (¼ – ½ inch) thick, over the surface. Leave about a 2 – 2.5 cm (1 inch) margin at the short edge with the diagonal cut.
- Now roll up the cake again, but make sure to loosen the parchment paper from the cake as you go. Make sure the cake is firmly rolled up, while maintaining its shape, and the filling isn't squeezed out much. Wrap the cake well with parchment paper and/or a cloth napkin so that the cake doesn't lose its shape. You can use the parchment paper to shape the cake if the roll seems loose.
- Refrigerate for a few hours until the cake and filling have firmed up.
- Slice off the ends with a serrated knife, so that the swiss roll cake looks neat.
- Serve with a dusting of confectioner's sugar, or pipe a border of whipped cream on top. Decorate with fresh fruits if you prefer.
Stabilized cream chantilly (sweetened whipped cream)
- Make this while the cake is cooling to room temperature.
- Place the water in a small microwave safe bowl and sprinkle the gelatin over the surface. Mix with a toothpick to saturate the gelatin. Let it sit for about 10 minutes until the gelatin has bloomed.
- Place the chilled cream (1 cup) in a mixer bowl (preferably chilled bowl). Add the confectioner's sugar and vanilla, and whisk to mix the ingredients together. Set aside until the gelatin is ready.
- Microwave the bloomed gelatin for just 15 – 20 seconds until the gelatin is dissolved. Do NOT let it boil. I prefer to microwave in 5 – 10 second bursts and check in between to make sure the gelatin has fully dissolved in the water (no granules and clear liquid).
- Stir in 1 tbsp of cream to temper the temperature of the gelatin mixture.
- Whisk the cream on medium high – high speed using the whisk attachment in your stand mixer.
- Pour the gelatin mix while the mixer is running and whisk for a few seconds until the gelatin has mixed through.
- Lower the speed to medium and whisk the cream until it starts to thicken and forms soft peaks.
- Continue to whisk the cream until it reaches stiff peaks, but is still creamy. I prefer to whisk the cream by hand after reaching soft peaks stage, so that I don’t risk curdling the cream.
- The cream is now ready to be used.
Tips & Tricks
Other variationsChocolate swiss roll cake Pumpkin swiss roll cake Yule log cake
How to fold in the dry ingredients efficientlyWhen the dry ingredients have been sifted over the surface, use your spatula to fold them in. Turn the bowl a quarter turn after every fold to ensure all the batter is being mixed through. Make sure to scrape the bottom of the bowl with the spatula to incorporate the batter at the bottom as well. Remember to cut through the middle of the batter to make sure there are no dry spots of flour in the batter. And be careful not to deflate the batter too much.
How to switch the cake over to a new parchment paper for rolling upWhile the cake is in the baking tray, dust the surface with confectioner’s sugar. Place a piece of parchment paper or cloth napkin on top (so that the cake doesn’t stick), followed by a cutting board. Now carefully flip the cake over onto the cutting board. Peel off the parchment paper on the bottom of the cake. Now take another piece of parchment paper that is longer than the length of the swiss roll. You can also use a clean kitchen towel / cloth napkin as well. Place this on the cake surface. Now carefully flip the cake back over onto the new parchment paper (or cloth napkin). Remove the parchment paper and cutting board on top. The cake is now ready to be rolled up with the new parchment paper on the bottom.
Storing the cakeThis roulade will taste best within the first few days. Vanilla swiss roll can be stored in an airtight container and then in the fridge for up to 5 days. If there are fruits in it, it will keep for fewer days as the fruits can go bad faster. An unfilled, rolled up cake can be stored in the freezer for up to 2 months. Wrap the rolled up cake with plastic wrap (at least 2 layers), and then in a layer of foil. Then place it in a large enough container so that it doesn’t get crushed during storage. This will also help the cake maintain its shape. Thaw it out until it’s at room temperature before unrolling and filling.
“This website provides approximate nutrition information for convenience and as a courtesy only. Nutrition data is gathered primarily from the USDA Food Composition Database, whenever available, or otherwise other online calculators.”