Cream puffs are one of the easiest and quickest desserts to make. A light choux pastry puff, filled with light chantilly cream – perfect for any occasion!
A beginner’s guide to making perfect cream puffs with choux pastry & classic chantilly cream
Once you’ve learned the ins and outs of choux pastry, cream puffs are the natural (and easy) next step!
I’ve been making choux pastry for over 20 years. That’s a lotta choux. Over those years, and after plenty of trial and error, I’ve figured out the secrets to making the most perfect choux pastry! My guide to making the most perfect, foolproof choux pastry is one of the most popular posts on the blog.
And as you can tell from the many comments and reviews there, it has helped so many of my readers to make perfect choux pastry too!
A quick guide on how to make choux pastry dough for cream puffs
Making choux pastry is very easy once you know how to get the right consistency in your pâte à choux. That’s all there is to it.
Before you start making the dough, make sure you have all the ingredients weighed and ready to go.
Making the cooked dough for this cream puff recipe
Place the liquid (water and/or milk) and cubed butter, along with salt and sugar in a saucepan. Heat the water over medium high heat while stirring, to melt the butter, salt, and sugar, and then bring the water to a boil.
Remove the pot from the heat and tip all of the flour into the water. Mix the dough well with a rubber spatula or wooden spoon, until the water absorbs all the liquid and forms a soft dough. Heat the dough that’s in the saucepan over medium heat (or lower), while stirring the dough constantly for about 1 – 3 minutes if needed.
You’re only cooking the dough to get a nice lump of soft dough that looks a little like mashed potatoes. If you’re using a stainless steel pot, you may find that the dough creates a thin film on the bottom of the pan. If the dough becomes oily and splits, then you’ve cooked the dough too long.
This is the first part to making choux pastry for cream puffs.
Adding eggs to the dough
Place the dough in a bowl and mix it a little to let it cool down. A minute or two at most. Don’t add the eggs while the dough is too hot, since this could
“cook” the eggs and give the final cream puffs an eggy taste.
Adding the eggs is a crucial step, so keep an eye on the dough. You can use a spatula, hand mixer, or even a stand mixer for this step.
Add one egg at a time, and mix it in well before adding the next. At first, the dough may seem to form slimy lumps, but keep mixing until the eggs fully incorporate. The last egg should be whisked in a bowl, and added a little at a time until you get the right consistency.
What should be the consistency of the choux dough?
Thick, but pipeable, with a slight sheen on the dough. If you add too much egg, the pâte à choux for the cream puffs may become flat and deflate while baking.
Another test is to lift your spatula with some of the dough, and if the dough forms a V shape at the end of the spatula (as shown below), then it’s ready!
Piping the choux pastry dough
To make cream puffs you will need to pipe the dough to form round pastry puffs. Here are a few tips you can follow to get properly baked round puffs.
- Place the dough in a pastry bag, with a pastry tip that’s about 1/2 inch in width. The tip can be a round tip or a French star tip.
- Use baking sheets with parchment paper to prevent the puffs from sticking. Use good quality parchment paper.
- Pipe the dough at a 90 degree angle. This will make sure that it rises straight up, rather than at an angle.
- Pipe the dough as smoothly as possible (and not like a poop emoji!). This prevents the dough from baking in a lopsided way, with fewer pockets.
- Press down the tip of the piped dough mound with a moistened finger.
If you don’t have a piping bag, you can use a ziploc bag with the tip cut off. You can also use a small scoop that has a 1 1/2 or 2 tbsp capacity.
Optional steps for making choux puffs
These steps are optional for making the choux pastry for cream puffs.
- Brush the tops of the choux pastry dough mounds with egg wash for a slight sheen on the baked puffs.
- Dust the tops of the dough mounds with confectioner’s sugar. This will create a slightly sweet and caramelized top.
Baking the puffs to make cream puffs
Unlike other recipes online, I prefer to bake these puffs at a constant oven temperature. If I’m making very large puffs, I may increase the temperature for just a few minutes at the start to give the pastries a boost to expand better.
But at this size, I prefer to maintain a constant temperature of 375 F. This way, I can bake multiple batches one after the other without worrying about changing the temperature.
The bake time is around 35 – 40 minutes, until the pastries are a beautiful dark golden brown in color. Make sure to prick the cases towards the end of the baking time to allow the steam to escape and for the cases to slightly dry out. This will prevent the pastries from collapsing when you remove them from the oven.
Allow the choux pastry puffs to cool completely on the baking sheet or wire rack. Then they’re ready to be filled!
Making the chantilly cream filling for the puffs
There are two ways to make sweetened whipped cream for cream puffs,
- Regular sweetened whipped cream
- Stabilized sweetened whipped cream
When I’m making choux cream puffs for my family, I simply whip some heavy cream with confectioner’s sugar and vanilla, and call it a day.
However, if I’m serving these bad boys to guests, and I need the puffs to look great and last longer, then I fill them with stabilized whipped cream. My favorite method of making stabilized whipped cream is to add gelatin. But you can use confectioner’s sugar or cornstarch as well.
Tips to make chantilly cream
Whip the heavy cream on medium speed. Especially if you’re not using stabilizing ingredients (gelatin, cornstarch etc). It’ll take longer, but heavy cream that has been whipped at a lower speed, and for longer, will be more stable.
Bloom the gelatin and microwave it just enough to melt the gelatin. Do NOT let it boil, since this can affect the efficacy of the gelatin.
Temper the gelatin with a little cold cream.
To prevent clumping of the gelatin in the whipped cream – add the gelatin into the cream in one go, while whisking on high speed. Do not add the gelatin directly onto the whisk of your mixer. But do whisk the cream quickly right where you added the gelatin, immediately after adding it. The goal is to get the gelatin mixed into the cream as fast as possible, without it touching the whisk when added.
Once the gelatin is mixed in, immediately lower the speed of the mixer, and whisk until you have stiff peaks (which are also smooth).
How to fill the cream puffs with vanilla chantilly cream
As you can see in the photos, these cream puffs are filled with a swirl of chantilly cream. This method of filling cream puffs is visually more appealing, since you can see the fluffy whipped cream swirl.
Honestly though, I just prefer to fill the choux puffs with enough whipped cream to fill the cavity inside. No cutting choux pastry in half, no swirling the cream. Just get it in mah belleh, asap.
Choux cream puffs with swirled whipped cream filling (the prettier option)
Place the whipped cream filling in a pastry bag, attached with a star piping tip.
Cut the top 1/3 of the pastries to create choux pastry “lids”. You can also only partially cut the top of the pastry. Remove any choux pastry webbings in the bottom of the pastry.
Fill the bottom with whipped cream, while swirling the cream on top.
Place the cut “lids” back on the cream puffs. Dust with confectioner’s sugar, and serve.
Filling the choux pastry cases (my preferred method)
Fill a pastry bag with the filling. Attach the pastry bag with a bismarck tip, or a small round tip (about 1 cm or a little less).
Make a hole in the bottom of the puff using a knife or a small piping tip (round or French star).
Insert the tip of the piping bag into the pastry through the hole, and squeeze in whipped cream to get puffs that are filled with cream.
Dust with confectioner’s sugar, and serve.
Choux pastry troubleshooting
I shared all the secrets to making PERFECT choux pastry in my original post, where I answer all choux pastry related questions such as,
- Why are my cream puffs flat and deflated?
- Usually if there is too much liquid in the dough,
- Opening the oven too frequently, causing the steam to escape,
- Pastries not pricked to allow steam to escape.
- Why are my pastries doughy, dry, and crackly?
- Too much flour in the pastry,
- Can I use other types of flour?
Other variations of cream puffs
Chocolate cream puffs – Add some cocoa powder to the heavy cream to make chocolate chanilly cream.
Berry cream puffs – Add berries to the bottom pastry, or the chantilly cream filling.
Choux au craquelin cream puffs – Place a cookie topping on each pastry to create craquelin cream puffs with a delightfully crunchy topping.
Cookies and cream puffs – Add crushed cookies (oreos) to the chantilly cream to make cookies and cream cream puffs.
How to store cream puffs for later
The best way to store choux pastry is to freeze baked and UNFILLED cases in an air-tight container. When you’re ready to fill them, reheat the cases in the oven to make them crisp again. Once cooled, they can be filled and served.
If you do have filled cream puffs that are leftover, these can be placed in an air-tight container and frozen too. I find that they become stale in the fridge very quickly, so I always prefer to store leftovers in the freezer. Since the filling is so light, the cream puffs de-frost at room temperature pretty quickly.
Why I love this recipe
I LOVE making choux pastry. Absolutely ADORE it, in fact. I could probably make it with my eyes closed. It’s my go-to, whenever I crave something quick, simple, and sweet.
And once you are familiar with the dough, you’ll find that choux pastry is such a satisfying and straightforward dessert to make. And pretty soon, you’ll be pumping out (piping out?) batch after batch after batch. Since the filling is a simple sweetened vanilla whipped cream, you spend very little time making the filling too.
It comes together quickly, tastes light and delicious, and ALWAYS a crowd favorite. That my dear friends is the trifecta for a winning recipe! 😀
Perfect Cream Puffs Recipe
- 236 g water 1 cup (you can use ½ milk or all milk instead as well)
- 115 g unsalted butter, cubed and at room temp 1 stick
- 145 g AP flour sifted, approximately 1 ⅛ cup (measured by spoon and level method)
- 4 large eggs each egg about 2 oz / 57 g (you may not use all of the eggs)
- 1/2 tsp sea salt use less if using table salt or fine salt
- 1 tbsp white sugar optional
- 1/2 tsp vanilla extract optional
Chantilly cream (stabilized sweetened whipped cream)
- 1 tsp powdered gelatin
- 2 tbsp water
- 1 tbsp heavy cream or milk
- 1 ½ cups chilled heavy cream 35% fat
- 30 g confectioner’s sugar ¼ cup
- 2 tsp good quality vanilla extract or vanilla bean paste
- ¼ tsp sea salt use less if you’re using table salt
- Confectioner’s sugar
- Preheat oven to 375°F (conventional oven).
- Place salt, water, sugar (if using), and butter in a saucepan, and heat over medium high heat, stirring occasionally to melt the butter, salt, and sugar.
- When the water is starting to boil (butter should be melted at this point), remove the pot from the heat, and immediately add the flour in one go and vigorously mix the flour in so that it absorbs all of the water. Use a spatula or wooden spoon to do this.
- When the flour has absorbed the water and it's coming together to form a dough, return the pan to the stove (medium heat).
- Cook the dough for 1 – 3 minutes (over medium heat). Mix the dough and move it around in the pan until you get a dough that easily pulls away from the sides of the pan and forms a film on the bottom of the pan (if using a stainless steel pan). It should look like a lump of smooth mashed potatoes. (The cook time will vary depending on your stove top.)
- Transfer the dough into a bowl and let it cool down slightly for about 1 – 2 minutes. Add the vanilla extract (if using), and mix it in. You can use a spatula / wooden spoon, a hand-held mixer (or whisk), or even a stand mixer to do this.
- Place the eggs in a bowl or jug, and whisk well.
- Add about 1 amount of egg (¼ cup) to the dough, and mix well until it’s fully incorporated into the dough.
- Keep adding the eggs in small increments, mixing well in between, until you have the right consistency (i.e. a dough with a glossy sheen and pipeable consistency.) You may not use all of the eggs, so keep an eye on the dough to prevent adding too much of the eggs.
- Prepare a baking tray with parchment paper.
- Place the dough in a large piping bag that's attached with a large tip (½ inch round tip or ½ in French star tip).
- Pipe mounds of the dough on the parchment paper, with about 1.5 – 2 inches of space between each. Pipe the dough at a 90° angle (to the baking tray), making sure to keep the piped dough as smooth as possible. Twist the piping bag and lift it up after piping a pastry mound to get a clean finish. Then flatten the tip of the pastry mound with a dampened finger. Aim for medium sized puffs where the piped mounds are about 1.5 – 2 inches in width, and about 1 – 1.5 inches in height.
- Bake for 30 – 40 minutes in the center of your preheated oven, or until the choux pastry shells puff up and are golden brown on top. Do not open the oven door, at least until you have reached the 25 minute mark. Importantly, the baking time depends on the size of your pastry shells. If you prefer a drier shell, bake for a couple of minutes longer.
- During the last 5 – 10 minutes of baking, prick each shell with a skewer or toothpick and let them dry out in the oven while baking.
- Remove from the oven, and prick the cases again, and let the choux pastry cases cool slightly in a draft-free area. (Letting them cool in an open but switched off oven is even better, but not necessary).
- Place the pastry cases on a wire rack to cool completely.
- Prepare the filling, while the choux pastry cases are cooling.
- OR you can store cooled choux pastry shells in an air-tight container for up to one day. To store them for longer, freeze them in an air-tight container.
Stabilized whipped cream (chantilly cream) – see recipe notes for quantity
- In a small microwave-safe bowl, place the water, and sprinkle the gelatin over the surface of the water. Make sure all the gelatin is saturated with water, and then let it sit for at least 10 minutes to bloom.
- In a large bowl, place the heavy cream, confectioner’s sugar, vanilla, and salt. Stir to combine. Have it ready to be whisked with an electric hand mixer or stand mixer by the time the gelatin is ready.
- After 10 minutes, microwave the gelatin in 10 second intervals to dissolve it. Do NOT let the gelatin mixture boil.
- Stir in the 1 tbsp of cold cream or milk.
- Start whisking the heavy cream mixture on high speed, and add the gelatin into it. Do NOT add the gelatin directly onto the whisk. Instead, add it where the cream is moving quickly due to whisking action. Alternatively, as soon as you add the gelatin, move the mixer around in the cream to make sure that the gelatin is mixed in well. The idea is to get the gelatin mixed into the cream as fast as possible, without it touching the whisk when added.
- Lower the mixer speed to medium (or medium high), and whisk the heavy cream until you have stiff peaks. Keep a close eye on it since the cream can go from stiff peaks to broken in a matter of seconds.
- Place the whipped chantilly cream in a large pastry bag, attached with a star tip (to create swirls), or with a round tip / bismarck tip (to fill).
Cream puffs with swirled chantilly cream filling
- Cut the upper ⅓ of the choux puff with a sharp knife to create a “lid”.
- Fill the bottom part of the pastry with a swirl of chantilly cream. Place the “lid” back on top. Repeat with all the pastry puffs and then dust them with confectioner’s sugar. Now they are ready to be served.
Filled cream puffs
- Make a hole in the bottom of each choux puff. You can either use a small knife to cut an “x” to create an opening, OR use a small French star pastry tip to cut a small hole.
- Insert the piping tip into the hole and fill the choux puff with chantilly cream. Repeat with all the puffs. Dust with confectioner's sugar and serve.
Tips & Tricks
If you’re having trouble with choux pastry –Please check out this comprehensive guide linked here. Many beginners have followed my recipe + tips in this post with great success on their first attempt!
A note about the chantilly cream fillingThis recipe makes enough for about 20 – 25 cream puffs, IF you make them the way they look in the pictures (swirled filling). However, if you’re only filling the cream puffs from the bottom, then you will need a lot less filling. Any leftover whipped cream can be served with fruits.
How far in advance can I make cream puffs?Cream puffs are best served within a few hours of being filled. You can make the choux puffs a day ahead, and then re-crisp them in the oven before filling with the chantilly cream. Stabilized whipped cream can also be made a day ahead, but may need to be re-mixed with a dash of cream to make it smooth again. I prefer to make both the pastry and filling on the same day, but to save time, I might make the choux dough the day before and store it in an uncut pastry bag that is sealed with a rubber band (the dough should not be exposed to any air!).
Storing choux pastry / cream puffs for longerThe best way to store choux pastry is to freeze baked and UNFILLED cases in an air-tight container. When you’re ready to fill them, reheat the cases in the oven to make them crisp again. Once cooled, they can be filled and served. If you do have filled cream puffs that are leftover, these can be placed in an air-tight container and frozen too. I find that they become stale in the fridge very quickly, so I always prefer to store leftovers in the freezer. Since the filling is so light, the cream puffs de-frost at room temperature pretty quickly. To dress up your leftover cream puffs, serve them with a berry coulis, salted caramel sauce, or chocolate ganache.
Other choux pastry related recipesClassic choux pastry, Chocolate choux pastry, Perfect chocolate profiteroles, Chouquettes (French sugar puffs), Choux au craquelin, Classic chocolate eclairs, Earl grey eclairs, Chicken bouchees (chicken puffs)
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